The realization of the Maritime Station constitutes an important opportunity to redefine several urban functions and transform Fiumicino’s public spaces and harbor into a vibrant outdoor system. The new station, therefore, is to be a primary contributor in the activation of direct socio-economic effects, indirect and induced, for the territory’s overall development and national maritime mobility.
The passenger flow volume that passes through the ferry port area determines, for the most part, the design concept: The overall composition tends to identify the site as a Sea Gateway, a giant atrium for those arriving and those leaving Rome. Other than purely technical functions that a transport terminal must offer, the Maritime Station is a place for passengers to experience diverse peculiarities and historical memories of Rome.
The building, as a maritime station, aspires to take on a dual role: its first calling concerns the indispensable security requirements and controls in the embarking/disembarking process. Due to the coexistence of areas destined to host municipal public services preconfigured on diverse levels, there is a necessity for a clear vocation reading. The station is, therefore, an urban fragment endowed with embedded potentials that from time to time find definition.
Connections to public transportation and bus stations, having final stops a few meters from the new Maritime Station, offer an essential service for airport passengers. The various transport terminals and the City center will have direct connections between vehicular, sea, and air transportation, made available through improvements in the port-airport and train station network. Moreover, connections between vehicular and rail transportation, with the creation of new public car parks and the foreseen construction of the maritime station in the vicinity of the European Corridor 5, will link the port intervention to the large scale urban public transportation system.
These general conditions have influenced the definition of the station’s layout and that of its immediate surroundings. In particular, the masterplan proposes an optimal flow management within the Ferry Terminal; an elevated pathway connects the Maritime Station directly to the boarding gate. Foreseen in the plan along with separate accessibility for vehicular and pedestrian traffic are both a municipal and tourist bus terminal. The masterplan enriches the Maritime Station with an open space system, for pedestrian use only, with a key landscape element found in a covered outdoor plaza that acts as both a movement flow collector and a link between the different components of the intermodal station.